An Introduction of The Bone Cancer and Its Types, Diagnosis as Well as Treatments

Bones protect the internal organs while allowing people to stand upright and move. Bone cancer in a healthy body starts when Cancer healthy cells in the bone change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor. A bone tumor can be cancerous, and bone cancer requires treatment at the most urgent.

A cancerous tumour is malignant, thereby meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. When the bone cancer gets into the bloodstream and spread to other parts of the body, especially the lungs, it is dangerous and called cancerously.  Whereas a benign tumour means the tumour can grow, but it will not spread to other parts of the body. This type of cancer can grow large enough to press on surrounding tissue hence, weaken the bone, and causing a bone fracture. There are different types of bone cancer, which include the following:

Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma- These types of cancer are most common in children and young adults. The Ewing sarcoma type of cancer is very unusual and occurs in either bone or in soft tissue
Chondrosarcoma. – This is a cancer of the cartilage and is more common in adults.
Chordoma- This type of bone cancer typically starts in the lower spinal cord in adults.
Fibrosarcoma- This type of soft-tissue sarcoma is also more common among adults, particularly during middle age and most commonly begins in the thighbone.
Paget’s disease of the bone- Paget’s disease of the bone generally occurs in older adults and involves the overgrowth of bony tissue and frequently affects the skull. 

Symptoms and signs of Bone cancer

Major symptoms of bone cancer are 

Pain: Pain and swelling in a particular area are the earliest symptoms of bone cancer. These are the areas where the development of the tumor can be found in the body.  

Joint swelling and stiffness: A developing bone cancer or tumour can lead joints to swell and become tender or stiff.

Limping: Limping is a condition when a bone with tumour breaks or fractures. This condition when occurs in the leg and can lead to a pronounced limp.

Diagnosis of Cancer
The following tests may be used to diagnose bone cancer:
1. Blood tests
2. X-ray
3. Bone scan
4. Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan
5. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
6. Positron emission tomography (PET) or PET-CT scan.
7. Biopsy.

After the diagnostic tests are done, your Doctor will review all of the results and specify the problem. 

Treatment options of Bone Cancer
Treatment options for Bone cancer depend on several factors, including the type of cancer, the stage, and grade of cancer. In the treatment process, possible side effects and the patient’s preferences and overall health are the most important factors that are considered first hand. You should look for the Top Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India for high-quality cancer treatment. For tumours, the primary treatment is surgery. For difficult cancers, doctors use a combination of treatments. These include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.